Early-life disease exposure and occupational status: The impact of yellow fever during the 19th century

Title:
Early-life disease exposure and occupational status: The impact of yellow fever during the 19th century
Authors:
Saavedra, Martin
Abstract:
Using city-of-birth data from the 100% sample of the 1880 Census merged to city-level fatality counts, I estimate the relationship between early-life yellow fever exposure and adult occupational status. I find that white males with immigrant mothers were less likely to become professionals and more likely to become unskilled laborers or report occupational nonresponse if they were born during yellow fever epidemics. They also reported occupations with lower 1900 occupational income scores. The children of U.S.-born mothers (who were less susceptible to the disease) were relatively unaffected. Furthermore, I find no evidence that epidemics 3 to 4 years after birth affect adult occupational status, and the results are robust to controlling for local trade during an individual's birth year.
Citation:
Saavedra, Martin. 2017. "Early-life disease exposure and occupational status: The impact of yellow fever during the 19th century." Explorations in Economic History 64: 62-81.
Publisher:
Elsevier
DATE ISSUED:
2017-04
Department:
Economics
Type:
Article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1016/j.eeh.2017.01.003
Additional Links:
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0014498317300323
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/620517

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSaavedra, Martinen
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-14T17:34:30Z-
dc.date.available2017-09-14T17:34:30Z-
dc.date.issued2017-04-
dc.identifier.citationSaavedra, Martin. 2017. "Early-life disease exposure and occupational status: The impact of yellow fever during the 19th century." Explorations in Economic History 64: 62-81.en
dc.identifier.issn0014-4983-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/620517-
dc.description.abstractUsing city-of-birth data from the 100% sample of the 1880 Census merged to city-level fatality counts, I estimate the relationship between early-life yellow fever exposure and adult occupational status. I find that white males with immigrant mothers were less likely to become professionals and more likely to become unskilled laborers or report occupational nonresponse if they were born during yellow fever epidemics. They also reported occupations with lower 1900 occupational income scores. The children of U.S.-born mothers (who were less susceptible to the disease) were relatively unaffected. Furthermore, I find no evidence that epidemics 3 to 4 years after birth affect adult occupational status, and the results are robust to controlling for local trade during an individual's birth year.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.eeh.2017.01.003-
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0014498317300323en
dc.subject.departmentEconomicsen_US
dc.titleEarly-life disease exposure and occupational status: The impact of yellow fever during the 19th centuryen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalExplorations in Economic Historyen
dc.subject.keywordFetal originsen_US
dc.subject.keywordEarly childhooden_US
dc.subject.keywordYellow feveren_US
dc.subject.keywordOccupationen_US
dc.subject.keywordUrban mortality penaltyen_US
dc.identifier.volume64en_US
dc.identifier.startpage62en_US
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Explorations in Economic Historyen
All Items in The Five Colleges of Ohio Digital Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.