The effects of elapsed time and retrieval on young children's judgments of the temporal distances of past events

Title:
The effects of elapsed time and retrieval on young children's judgments of the temporal distances of past events
Authors:
Friedman, William J.; Kemp, Simon
Abstract:
Young children have very limited knowledge of long-term time patterns, but recent studies show that impressions of temporal distances provide them with some sense of the times of past events. These studies were investigations of (a) the function relating subjective to objective distances in the past for events whose ages range from less than 1 month to 1 year and (b) the effects of retrieving events on their subjective recency. In Study 1, 825 children (5-, 6-, and 7-year-olds) compared the recency of two school events from many months in the past shortly after one of the events was retrieved. In Study 2, 162 children (mean age 4.9 years) judged the distances in the past of their birthdays, summer, and 4 holidays by placing cards on a spatial continuum. In Study 3, 148 children (mean age 4.8 years) performed a similar task after the prior retrieval or priming of some of the events. Subjective temporal distance increased with real distance up to about 5 months, with no evident increase thereafter. Retrieval and priming had no effect on subjective recency. These findings show that early developing characteristics of memory provide young children with a differentiated sense of the times of events from past months. However, simple strength models cannot explain this ability.
Citation:
Friedman, William J., and Simon Kemp. 1998. "The effects of elapsed time and retrieval on young children's judgments of the temporal distances of past events." Cognitive Development 13(3): 335-367.
Publisher:
Elsevier
DATE ISSUED:
1998-07
Department:
Psychology
Type:
Article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1016/S0885-2014(98)90015-6
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/620241

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorFriedman, William J.en
dc.contributor.authorKemp, Simonen
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-04T12:39:14Z-
dc.date.available2016-11-04T12:39:14Z-
dc.date.issued1998-07-
dc.identifier.citationFriedman, William J., and Simon Kemp. 1998. "The effects of elapsed time and retrieval on young children's judgments of the temporal distances of past events." Cognitive Development 13(3): 335-367.en
dc.identifier.issn0885-2014-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/620241-
dc.description.abstractYoung children have very limited knowledge of long-term time patterns, but recent studies show that impressions of temporal distances provide them with some sense of the times of past events. These studies were investigations of (a) the function relating subjective to objective distances in the past for events whose ages range from less than 1 month to 1 year and (b) the effects of retrieving events on their subjective recency. In Study 1, 825 children (5-, 6-, and 7-year-olds) compared the recency of two school events from many months in the past shortly after one of the events was retrieved. In Study 2, 162 children (mean age 4.9 years) judged the distances in the past of their birthdays, summer, and 4 holidays by placing cards on a spatial continuum. In Study 3, 148 children (mean age 4.8 years) performed a similar task after the prior retrieval or priming of some of the events. Subjective temporal distance increased with real distance up to about 5 months, with no evident increase thereafter. Retrieval and priming had no effect on subjective recency. These findings show that early developing characteristics of memory provide young children with a differentiated sense of the times of events from past months. However, simple strength models cannot explain this ability.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0885-2014(98)90015-6-
dc.subject.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.titleThe effects of elapsed time and retrieval on young children's judgments of the temporal distances of past eventsen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalCognitive Developmenten
dc.identifier.volume13en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.startpage335en_US
All Items in The Five Colleges of Ohio Digital Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.