Traditional Livelihoods, Conservation and Meadow Ecology in Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan, China

Title:
Traditional Livelihoods, Conservation and Meadow Ecology in Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan, China
Authors:
Urgenson, Lauren S.; Schmidt, Amanda C. Henck; Combs, Julie; Harrell, Stevan; Hinckley, Thomas M.; Yang, Qingxia; Ma, Ziyu; Yongxian, Li; Hongliang, Lü; MacIver, Andrew
Abstract:
Jiuzhaigou National Park (JNP) is a site of global conservation significance. Conservation policies in JNP include the implementation of two national reforestation programs to increase forest cover and the exclusion of local land-use. We use archaeological excavation, ethnographic interviews, remote sensing and vegetation surveys to examine the implications of these policies for non-forest, montane meadows. We find that Amdo Tibetan people cultivated the valley for >2,000 years, creating and maintaining meadows through land clearing, burning and grazing. Meadows served as sites for gathering plants and mushrooms and over 40 % of contemporary species are ethnobotanically useful. Remote sensing analyses indicate a substantial (69.6 %) decline in meadow area between 1974 and 2004. Respondents report a loss of their “true history” and connections to the past associated with loss of meadows. Conservation policies intended to preserve biodiversity are unintentionally contributing to the loss of these ecologically and culturally significant meadow habitats.
Citation:
Urgenson, Lauren, Amanda H. Schmidt, Julie Combs, et al. 2014. "Traditional Livelihoods, Conservation and Meadow Ecology in Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan, China." Human Ecology 42(3): 481-491.
Publisher:
Springer Verlag
DATE ISSUED:
2014-06
Department:
Geology
Type:
Article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1007/s10745-014-9650-z
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/619020

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorUrgenson, Lauren S.en
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Amanda C. Hencken
dc.contributor.authorCombs, Julieen
dc.contributor.authorHarrell, Stevanen
dc.contributor.authorHinckley, Thomas M.en
dc.contributor.authorYang, Qingxiaen
dc.contributor.authorMa, Ziyuen
dc.contributor.authorYongxian, Lien
dc.contributor.authorHongliang, Lüen
dc.contributor.authorMacIver, Andrewen
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-29T13:11:37Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-29T13:11:37Z-
dc.date.issued2014-06-
dc.identifier.citationUrgenson, Lauren, Amanda H. Schmidt, Julie Combs, et al. 2014. "Traditional Livelihoods, Conservation and Meadow Ecology in Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan, China." Human Ecology 42(3): 481-491.en
dc.identifier.issn0300-7839-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/619020-
dc.description.abstractJiuzhaigou National Park (JNP) is a site of global conservation significance. Conservation policies in JNP include the implementation of two national reforestation programs to increase forest cover and the exclusion of local land-use. We use archaeological excavation, ethnographic interviews, remote sensing and vegetation surveys to examine the implications of these policies for non-forest, montane meadows. We find that Amdo Tibetan people cultivated the valley for >2,000 years, creating and maintaining meadows through land clearing, burning and grazing. Meadows served as sites for gathering plants and mushrooms and over 40 % of contemporary species are ethnobotanically useful. Remote sensing analyses indicate a substantial (69.6 %) decline in meadow area between 1974 and 2004. Respondents report a loss of their “true history” and connections to the past associated with loss of meadows. Conservation policies intended to preserve biodiversity are unintentionally contributing to the loss of these ecologically and culturally significant meadow habitats.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagen
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10745-014-9650-z-
dc.subject.departmentGeologyen_US
dc.titleTraditional Livelihoods, Conservation and Meadow Ecology in Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan, Chinaen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalHuman Ecologyen
dc.identifier.volume42en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.startpage481en_US
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