How Social Movements Matter: Including Sexual Orientation in State-Level Hate Crime Legislation

Title:
How Social Movements Matter: Including Sexual Orientation in State-Level Hate Crime Legislation
Authors:
Parris, Christie L.; Scheuerman, Heather L.
Abstract:
This paper examines the conditions under which states include sexual orientation as a protected status in hate crime policy over the course of 25 years. Previous research in this area has generally focused on the passage of either general hate crime statutes longitudinally or the inclusion of sexual orientation in hate crime legislation via cross-sectional analysis. Moreover, previous work in this area tends to concentrate on two types of factors affecting policy passage: (1) structural factors such as social disorganization and economic vitality, and (2) political characteristics including governor’s political party and the makeup of the state legislature. We argue that a strong LGBT social movement organizational presence may also influence LGBT hate crime policy passage. Using an event history analysis, we test how state-level social movement organizational mobilization, as well as the state-level political context, affect policy passage from 1983 to 2008. Our findings indicate that political opportunities, including political instability and government ideology, matter for the passage of anti-gay hate crime policy. We also find evidence to support political mediation, as the interaction between social movement organizational presence and Democrats in the state legislature affect policy passage.
Citation:
Parris, Christie L., and Heather L. Scheuerman. 2015. "How Social Movements Matter: Including Sexual Orientation in State-Level Hate Crime Legislation." Research in Social Movements, Conflict, and Change 38: 229-257.
Publisher:
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
DATE ISSUED:
2015
Department:
Sociology
Type:
Article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1108/S0163-786X20150000038008
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/613554

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorParris, Christie L.en
dc.contributor.authorScheuerman, Heather L.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-17T14:35:33Zen
dc.date.available2016-06-17T14:35:33Zen
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.identifier.citationParris, Christie L., and Heather L. Scheuerman. 2015. "How Social Movements Matter: Including Sexual Orientation in State-Level Hate Crime Legislation." Research in Social Movements, Conflict, and Change 38: 229-257.en
dc.identifier.issn0163-786Xen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/613554en
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines the conditions under which states include sexual orientation as a protected status in hate crime policy over the course of 25 years. Previous research in this area has generally focused on the passage of either general hate crime statutes longitudinally or the inclusion of sexual orientation in hate crime legislation via cross-sectional analysis. Moreover, previous work in this area tends to concentrate on two types of factors affecting policy passage: (1) structural factors such as social disorganization and economic vitality, and (2) political characteristics including governor’s political party and the makeup of the state legislature. We argue that a strong LGBT social movement organizational presence may also influence LGBT hate crime policy passage. Using an event history analysis, we test how state-level social movement organizational mobilization, as well as the state-level political context, affect policy passage from 1983 to 2008. Our findings indicate that political opportunities, including political instability and government ideology, matter for the passage of anti-gay hate crime policy. We also find evidence to support political mediation, as the interaction between social movement organizational presence and Democrats in the state legislature affect policy passage.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherEmerald Group Publishing Limiteden
dc.identifier.doi10.1108/S0163-786X20150000038008en
dc.subject.departmentSociologyen_US
dc.titleHow Social Movements Matter: Including Sexual Orientation in State-Level Hate Crime Legislationen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalResearch in Social Movements, Conflicts and Changeen
dc.subject.keywordSocial movementsen_US
dc.subject.keywordLGBTQen_US
dc.subject.keywordHate crimesen_US
dc.subject.keywordEvent history analysisen_US
dc.identifier.volume38en_US
dc.identifier.startpage229en_US
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