Parental and individual predictors of trajectories of depressive symptoms in Chilean adolescents

Title:
Parental and individual predictors of trajectories of depressive symptoms in Chilean adolescents
Authors:
Cumsille, Patricio; Martínez, Maria Loreto; Rodríguez, Viviana; Darling, Nancy ( 0000-0003-3271-8132 )
Abstract:
Depressive symptoms are prevalent in adolescence, but not all adolescents experience the same level or evolution of symptoms, suggesting the need to identify differences in trajectories of symptoms. We used Growth Mixture Modeling to analyze different trajectories of depressive symptoms in a sample of 1,072 Chilean adolescents (12-15 years old, 54% female). First, a baseline model was selected and then adolescent irritability, maternal warmth, demandingness and disrespect were introduced to the model as predictors of class membership. Four latent class trajectories of depressive symptoms were identified: high persistent (12%), low stable (56%), high decreasing (15%) and low increasing (17%). Low stable was the most prevalent class, and was characterized by higher maternal warmth and lower maternal disrespect and adolescent irritability while high persistent was characterized by the opposite maternal characteristics. Significant gender differences in class membership were observed. The results highlight the importance of identifying different trajectories of depressive symptoms and specific predictors of each trajectory. The association of parenting dimensions with trajectories of persistent depressive symptoms provides evidence that parenting can serve as both a protective and risk factor for adolescent adjustment. (C) 2015 Asociacion Espanola de Psicologia Conductual. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Citation:
Cumsille, P., M. Loreto Martinez, V. Rodriguez, and N. Darling. 2015. "Parental and individual predictors of trajectories of depressive symptoms in Chilean adolescents." International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology 15(3): 208-216.
DATE ISSUED:
2015-09
Department:
Psychology
Type:
Article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1016/j.ijchp.2015.06.001
Additional Links:
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1697260015000514
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/593549

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCumsille, Patricioen
dc.contributor.authorMartínez, Maria Loretoen
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez, Vivianaen
dc.contributor.authorDarling, Nancyen
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-15T14:40:38Zen
dc.date.available2016-01-15T14:40:38Zen
dc.date.issued2015-09en
dc.identifier.citationCumsille, P., M. Loreto Martinez, V. Rodriguez, and N. Darling. 2015. "Parental and individual predictors of trajectories of depressive symptoms in Chilean adolescents." International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology 15(3): 208-216.en
dc.identifier.issn1697-2600en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/593549en
dc.description.abstractDepressive symptoms are prevalent in adolescence, but not all adolescents experience the same level or evolution of symptoms, suggesting the need to identify differences in trajectories of symptoms. We used Growth Mixture Modeling to analyze different trajectories of depressive symptoms in a sample of 1,072 Chilean adolescents (12-15 years old, 54% female). First, a baseline model was selected and then adolescent irritability, maternal warmth, demandingness and disrespect were introduced to the model as predictors of class membership. Four latent class trajectories of depressive symptoms were identified: high persistent (12%), low stable (56%), high decreasing (15%) and low increasing (17%). Low stable was the most prevalent class, and was characterized by higher maternal warmth and lower maternal disrespect and adolescent irritability while high persistent was characterized by the opposite maternal characteristics. Significant gender differences in class membership were observed. The results highlight the importance of identifying different trajectories of depressive symptoms and specific predictors of each trajectory. The association of parenting dimensions with trajectories of persistent depressive symptoms provides evidence that parenting can serve as both a protective and risk factor for adolescent adjustment. (C) 2015 Asociacion Espanola de Psicologia Conductual. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ijchp.2015.06.001en
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1697260015000514en
dc.subject.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.titleParental and individual predictors of trajectories of depressive symptoms in Chilean adolescentsen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Clinical and Health Psychologyen
dc.subject.keywordDepressive symptomsen_US
dc.subject.keywordAdolescenceen_US
dc.subject.keywordTrajectoriesen_US
dc.subject.keywordGrowth mixture modelingen_US
dc.subject.keywordEx post facto studyen_US
dc.identifier.volume15en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.startpage208en_US
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychologyen
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