NANOGrav Constraints on Gravitational Wave Bursts With Memory

Title:
NANOGrav Constraints on Gravitational Wave Bursts With Memory
Authors:
Arzoumanian, Zaven; Brazier, Adam; Burke-Spolaor, Sarah; Chamberlin, Sydney J.; Chatterjee, Shami; Christy, Brian; Cordes, James M. ( 0000-0002-4049-1882 ) ; Cornish, Neil J. ( 0000-0002-7435-0869 ) ; Demorest, Paul B.; Deng, X.; Dolch, Timothy ( 0000-0001-8885-6388 ) ; Ellis, Justin A.; Ferdman, Robert D. ( 0000-0002-2223-1235 ) ; Fonseca, Emmanuel; Garver-Daniels, Nathan; Jenet, Fredrick A.; Jones, Glenn; Kaspi, Victoria M. ( 0000-0001-9345-0307 ) ; Koop, Michael; Lam, Michael T.; Lazio, T. Joseph W.; Levin, Lina ( 0000-0002-2034-2986 ) ; Lommen, Andrea N.; Lorimer, Duncan R.; Luo, Jing; Lynch, Ryan S.; Madison, Dustin R.; McLaughlin, Maura A. ( 0000-0001-7697-7422 ) ; McWilliams, Sean T. ( 0000-0003-2397-8290 ) ; Nice, David J. ( 0000-0002-6709-2566 ) ; Palliyaguru, Nipuni ( 0000-0002-4828-0262 ) ; Pennucci, Timothy T. ( 0000-0001-5465-2889 ) ; Ransom, Scott M. ( 0000-0001-5799-9714 ) ; Siemens, Xavier; Stairs, Ingrid H. ( 0000-0001-9784-8670 ) ; Stinebring, Daniel R.; Stovall, Kevin ( 0000-0002-7261-594X ) ; Swiggum, Joseph K. ( 0000-0002-1075-3837 ) ; Vallisneri, Michele ( 0000-0002-4162-0033 ) ; van Haasteren, Rutger; Wang, Yan ( 0000-0001-8990-5700 ) ; Zhu, Weiwei
Abstract:
Among efforts to detect gravitational radiation, pulsar timing arrays are uniquely poised to detect "memory" signatures, permanent perturbations in spacetime from highly energetic astrophysical events such as mergers of supermassive black hole binaries. The North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves (NANOGrav) observes dozens of the most stable millisecond pulsars using the Arecibo and Green Bank radio telescopes in an effort to study, among other things, gravitational wave memory. We herein present the results of a search for gravitational wave bursts with memory (BWMs) using the first five years of NANOGrav observations. We develop original methods for dramatically speeding up searches for BWM signals. In the directions of the sky where our sensitivity to BWMs is best, we would detect mergers of binaries with reduced masses of 109 M. out to distances of 30 Mpc; such massive mergers in the Virgo cluster would be marginally detectable. We find no evidence for BWMs. However, with our non-detection, we set upper limits on the rate at which BWMs of various amplitudes could have occurred during the time spanned by our data-e.g., BWMs with amplitudes greater than 10(-13) must encounter the Earth at a rate less than 1.5 yr(-1).
Citation:
Arzoumanian, Zaven, Adam Brazier, Sarah Burke-Spolaor, et al. 2015. "NANOGrav Constraints on Gravitational Wave Bursts With Memory." The Astrophysical Journal 810(2): article 150.
Publisher:
American Astronomical Society / IOP Publishing
DATE ISSUED:
2015-09-09
Department:
Physics and Astronomy
Type:
Article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/150
Additional Links:
http://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/810/i=2/a=150?key=crossref.cf3ac044e44212dc6e4051ff039f4142
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/593548

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorArzoumanian, Zavenen
dc.contributor.authorBrazier, Adamen
dc.contributor.authorBurke-Spolaor, Sarahen
dc.contributor.authorChamberlin, Sydney J.en
dc.contributor.authorChatterjee, Shamien
dc.contributor.authorChristy, Brianen
dc.contributor.authorCordes, James M.en
dc.contributor.authorCornish, Neil J.en
dc.contributor.authorDemorest, Paul B.en
dc.contributor.authorDeng, X.en
dc.contributor.authorDolch, Timothyen
dc.contributor.authorEllis, Justin A.en
dc.contributor.authorFerdman, Robert D.en
dc.contributor.authorFonseca, Emmanuelen
dc.contributor.authorGarver-Daniels, Nathanen
dc.contributor.authorJenet, Fredrick A.en
dc.contributor.authorJones, Glennen
dc.contributor.authorKaspi, Victoria M.en
dc.contributor.authorKoop, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorLam, Michael T.en
dc.contributor.authorLazio, T. Joseph W.en
dc.contributor.authorLevin, Linaen
dc.contributor.authorLommen, Andrea N.en
dc.contributor.authorLorimer, Duncan R.en
dc.contributor.authorLuo, Jingen
dc.contributor.authorLynch, Ryan S.en
dc.contributor.authorMadison, Dustin R.en
dc.contributor.authorMcLaughlin, Maura A.en
dc.contributor.authorMcWilliams, Sean T.en
dc.contributor.authorNice, David J.en
dc.contributor.authorPalliyaguru, Nipunien
dc.contributor.authorPennucci, Timothy T.en
dc.contributor.authorRansom, Scott M.en
dc.contributor.authorSiemens, Xavieren
dc.contributor.authorStairs, Ingrid H.en
dc.contributor.authorStinebring, Daniel R.en
dc.contributor.authorStovall, Kevinen
dc.contributor.authorSwiggum, Joseph K.en
dc.contributor.authorVallisneri, Micheleen
dc.contributor.authorvan Haasteren, Rutgeren
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yanen
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Weiweien
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-15T14:21:31Zen
dc.date.available2016-01-15T14:21:31Zen
dc.date.issued2015-09-09en
dc.identifier.citationArzoumanian, Zaven, Adam Brazier, Sarah Burke-Spolaor, et al. 2015. "NANOGrav Constraints on Gravitational Wave Bursts With Memory." The Astrophysical Journal 810(2): article 150.en
dc.identifier.issn1538-4357en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/593548en
dc.description.abstractAmong efforts to detect gravitational radiation, pulsar timing arrays are uniquely poised to detect "memory" signatures, permanent perturbations in spacetime from highly energetic astrophysical events such as mergers of supermassive black hole binaries. The North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves (NANOGrav) observes dozens of the most stable millisecond pulsars using the Arecibo and Green Bank radio telescopes in an effort to study, among other things, gravitational wave memory. We herein present the results of a search for gravitational wave bursts with memory (BWMs) using the first five years of NANOGrav observations. We develop original methods for dramatically speeding up searches for BWM signals. In the directions of the sky where our sensitivity to BWMs is best, we would detect mergers of binaries with reduced masses of 109 M. out to distances of 30 Mpc; such massive mergers in the Virgo cluster would be marginally detectable. We find no evidence for BWMs. However, with our non-detection, we set upper limits on the rate at which BWMs of various amplitudes could have occurred during the time spanned by our data-e.g., BWMs with amplitudes greater than 10(-13) must encounter the Earth at a rate less than 1.5 yr(-1).en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherAmerican Astronomical Society / IOP Publishingen
dc.identifier.doi10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/150en
dc.relation.urlhttp://stacks.iop.org/0004-637X/810/i=2/a=150?key=crossref.cf3ac044e44212dc6e4051ff039f4142en
dc.subject.departmentPhysics and Astronomyen_US
dc.titleNANOGrav Constraints on Gravitational Wave Bursts With Memoryen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalAstrophysical Journalen
dc.subject.keywordGravitational wavesen_US
dc.subject.keywordPulsarsen_US
dc.identifier.volume810en_US
dc.identifier.issue2en_US
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to The Astrophysical Journalen
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