Influence of human pressure on forest resources and productivity at stand and tree scales: The case study of Yunnan pine in SW China

Title:
Influence of human pressure on forest resources and productivity at stand and tree scales: The case study of Yunnan pine in SW China
Authors:
Hinckley, Thomas M.; Chi, Philip M.; Hagmann, R. Keala; Harrell, Stevan; Schmidt, Amanda C. Henck; Urgenson, Lauren S.; Yeng, Zong-yong
Abstract:
This paper examines human impact on stands and individual trees of Pinus yunnanensis growing near the small mountain villages of Pianshui and Yangjuan in southwestern Sichuan Province, China. In an effort to assess whether use of these forests was sustainable, we examined the effects of human use in two ways. First, we directly measured the effect of cutting branches, for fuel and fodder, on tree growth. We hypothesized that branch cutting would negatively impact tree growth. We established 12 plots on four hills and compared 14 pairs of trees, one tree in each pair with an apparently full crown and the other with a considerable portion of the crown removed. Second, we assessed stand and tree properties over a 500 m elevation gradient above the villages where we hypothesized that as elevation increases, stand and tree properties should show fewer human impacts. Although extensive branch cutting reduced the live crown, tree height and diameter, compensatory processes likely enabled trees to recover and to add basal area increments (BAIs) similar to those added by trees with full crowns. Trees and stands close to villages showed less growth and lower basal areas, respectively, than stands and trees at intermediate or distant elevations from villages. Areas relatively close to the villages showed considerable effects of human-related disturbances such as branch cutting, grazing, tree and shrub removal, losses of litter, and human and animal trails. Such areas had increased soil erosion and often loss of the ‘A’ horizon. Stands close to villages had younger trees, lower stand basal areas, smaller basal area increments, and more stumps. Our results suggest an increasingly vulnerable interface between occupants of these two villages and their surrounding forests.
Citation:
Hinckley, T.M., P. Chi, K. Hagmann, S. Harrell, A.H. Schmidt, L. Urgenson, and Z.Y. Zeng. 2013. “Influence of human pressure on forest resources and productivity at stand and tree scales: The case study of Yunnan pine in SW China.” Journal of Mountain Science. 10(5): 824-832.
Publisher:
Springer Verlag / Science Press
DATE ISSUED:
2013
Department:
Geology
Type:
Article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1007/s11629-013-2657-x
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/332564

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHinckley, Thomas M.en
dc.contributor.authorChi, Philip M.en
dc.contributor.authorHagmann, R. Kealaen
dc.contributor.authorHarrell, Stevanen
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Amanda C. Hencken
dc.contributor.authorUrgenson, Lauren S.en
dc.contributor.authorYeng, Zong-yongen
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-09T12:05:07Zen
dc.date.available2014-10-09T12:05:07Zen
dc.date.issued2013en
dc.identifier.citationHinckley, T.M., P. Chi, K. Hagmann, S. Harrell, A.H. Schmidt, L. Urgenson, and Z.Y. Zeng. 2013. “Influence of human pressure on forest resources and productivity at stand and tree scales: The case study of Yunnan pine in SW China.” Journal of Mountain Science. 10(5): 824-832.en
dc.identifier.issn1672-6316en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/332564en
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines human impact on stands and individual trees of Pinus yunnanensis growing near the small mountain villages of Pianshui and Yangjuan in southwestern Sichuan Province, China. In an effort to assess whether use of these forests was sustainable, we examined the effects of human use in two ways. First, we directly measured the effect of cutting branches, for fuel and fodder, on tree growth. We hypothesized that branch cutting would negatively impact tree growth. We established 12 plots on four hills and compared 14 pairs of trees, one tree in each pair with an apparently full crown and the other with a considerable portion of the crown removed. Second, we assessed stand and tree properties over a 500 m elevation gradient above the villages where we hypothesized that as elevation increases, stand and tree properties should show fewer human impacts. Although extensive branch cutting reduced the live crown, tree height and diameter, compensatory processes likely enabled trees to recover and to add basal area increments (BAIs) similar to those added by trees with full crowns. Trees and stands close to villages showed less growth and lower basal areas, respectively, than stands and trees at intermediate or distant elevations from villages. Areas relatively close to the villages showed considerable effects of human-related disturbances such as branch cutting, grazing, tree and shrub removal, losses of litter, and human and animal trails. Such areas had increased soil erosion and often loss of the ‘A’ horizon. Stands close to villages had younger trees, lower stand basal areas, smaller basal area increments, and more stumps. Our results suggest an increasingly vulnerable interface between occupants of these two villages and their surrounding forests.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag / Science Pressen
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11629-013-2657-xen
dc.subject.departmentGeologyen
dc.titleInfluence of human pressure on forest resources and productivity at stand and tree scales: The case study of Yunnan pine in SW Chinaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Mountain Scienceen
dc.subject.keywordPinus yunnanensisen_US
dc.subject.keywordTree growthen_US
dc.subject.keywordStand basal areasen_US
dc.subject.keywordBasal area incrementen_US
dc.subject.keywordRing widthen_US
dc.identifier.volume10en
dc.identifier.issue5en
dc.identifier.startpage824en
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