Speakers' eye gaze disambiguates referring expressions early during face-to-face conversation

Title:
Speakers' eye gaze disambiguates referring expressions early during face-to-face conversation
Authors:
Hanna, Joy E.; Brennan, Susan E.
Abstract:
In two experiments, we explored the time course and flexibility with which speakers’ eye gaze can be used to disambiguate referring expressions in spontaneous dialog. Naive director/matcher pairs were separated by a barrier and saw each other’s faces but not their displays. Displays held identical objects, with the matcher’s arranged in a row and the director’s mirroring the matcher’s or else in a circle (Experiment 1) or in a reversed row (Experiment 2). Directors instructed matchers to move targets, which were unique or had a competitor nearby or far away. When mirrored displays held far competitors, matchers used directors’ eye gaze to identify targets before the linguistic point of disambiguation. Reversed displays caused substantial competition, yet matchers still identified targets before the linguistic point of disambiguation, showing an ability to rapidly re-map directors’ eye gaze. Our findings indicate eye gaze is a powerful and flexible disambiguating cue in referential communication.
Citation:
Hanna, Joy E. and Susan E. Brennan. 2007. "Speakers' eye gaze disambiguates referring expressions early during face-to-face conversation." Journal Of Memory And Language 57(4): 596-615.
Publisher:
Elsevier
DATE ISSUED:
2007
Department:
Psychology
Type:
article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1016/j.jml.2007.01.008
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/310259

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHanna, Joy E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBrennan, Susan E.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-23T16:29:09Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-23T16:29:09Z-
dc.date.issued2007en
dc.identifier.citationHanna, Joy E. and Susan E. Brennan. 2007. "Speakers' eye gaze disambiguates referring expressions early during face-to-face conversation." Journal Of Memory And Language 57(4): 596-615.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0749-596Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/310259-
dc.description.abstractIn two experiments, we explored the time course and flexibility with which speakers’ eye gaze can be used to disambiguate referring expressions in spontaneous dialog. Naive director/matcher pairs were separated by a barrier and saw each other’s faces but not their displays. Displays held identical objects, with the matcher’s arranged in a row and the director’s mirroring the matcher’s or else in a circle (Experiment 1) or in a reversed row (Experiment 2). Directors instructed matchers to move targets, which were unique or had a competitor nearby or far away. When mirrored displays held far competitors, matchers used directors’ eye gaze to identify targets before the linguistic point of disambiguation. Reversed displays caused substantial competition, yet matchers still identified targets before the linguistic point of disambiguation, showing an ability to rapidly re-map directors’ eye gaze. Our findings indicate eye gaze is a powerful and flexible disambiguating cue in referential communication.en_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jml.2007.01.008-
dc.subject.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.titleSpeakers' eye gaze disambiguates referring expressions early during face-to-face conversationen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalJournal Of Memory And Languageen_US
dc.identifier.volume57en_US
dc.identifier.issue4en_US
dc.identifier.startpage596en_US
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