Gender differences in the self-defining activities and identity experiences of adolescents and emerging adults

Title:
Gender differences in the self-defining activities and identity experiences of adolescents and emerging adults
Authors:
Sharp, Erin Hiley; Coatsworth, J. Douglas; Darling, Nancy ( 0000-0003-3271-8132 ) ; Cumsille, Patricio; Ranieri, Sonia
Abstract:
Activity participation provides a unique context for adolescents and emerging adults to explore interests, talents, and skills and for identity work to occur. Research has found consistent gender differences in the types of activities in which males and females participate. The current study drew on Eudaimonistic identity theory to examine the subjective identity-related experiences of personal expressiveness, flow experiences, and goal-directed behaviour [Waterman, 1984; Waterman, 2004. Finding someone to be: Studies on the role of intrinsic motivation in identity formation. Identity, 4, 209–228] within a special type of activity, self-defining activities, or those activities that participants identify as being important to who they are as a person. This study also tested for gender and country differences in a sample of 572 adolescents and emerging adults from the United States, Italy, and Chile. Findings indicate gender and country differences in the types of self-defining activities for males and females, but no gender differences in the reported identity-related experiences within those activities. This finding held across the three countries. Results from Multivariate Analyses of Variance also indicate that identity-related experiences differ significantly across seven broad activity classes. Findings are discussed in the context of the growing literature on adolescent activity involvement and time use, gender, and their relations to identity exploration.
Citation:
Sharp, E. H., J. D. Coatsworth, N. Darling, P. Cumsille, et al. 2007. "Gender differences in the self-defining activities and identity experiences of adolescents and emerging adults." Journal Of Adolescence 30(2): 251-269.
Publisher:
Elsevier
DATE ISSUED:
2007
Department:
Psychology
Type:
article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1016/j.adolescence.2006.02.006
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/310238

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSharp, Erin Hileyen_US
dc.contributor.authorCoatsworth, J. Douglasen_US
dc.contributor.authorDarling, Nancyen_US
dc.contributor.authorCumsille, Patricioen_US
dc.contributor.authorRanieri, Soniaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-23T16:28:42Zen
dc.date.available2013-12-23T16:28:42Zen
dc.date.issued2007en
dc.identifier.citationSharp, E. H., J. D. Coatsworth, N. Darling, P. Cumsille, et al. 2007. "Gender differences in the self-defining activities and identity experiences of adolescents and emerging adults." Journal Of Adolescence 30(2): 251-269.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0140-1971en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/310238en
dc.description.abstractActivity participation provides a unique context for adolescents and emerging adults to explore interests, talents, and skills and for identity work to occur. Research has found consistent gender differences in the types of activities in which males and females participate. The current study drew on Eudaimonistic identity theory to examine the subjective identity-related experiences of personal expressiveness, flow experiences, and goal-directed behaviour [Waterman, 1984; Waterman, 2004. Finding someone to be: Studies on the role of intrinsic motivation in identity formation. Identity, 4, 209–228] within a special type of activity, self-defining activities, or those activities that participants identify as being important to who they are as a person. This study also tested for gender and country differences in a sample of 572 adolescents and emerging adults from the United States, Italy, and Chile. Findings indicate gender and country differences in the types of self-defining activities for males and females, but no gender differences in the reported identity-related experiences within those activities. This finding held across the three countries. Results from Multivariate Analyses of Variance also indicate that identity-related experiences differ significantly across seven broad activity classes. Findings are discussed in the context of the growing literature on adolescent activity involvement and time use, gender, and their relations to identity exploration.en_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.adolescence.2006.02.006en
dc.subject.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.titleGender differences in the self-defining activities and identity experiences of adolescents and emerging adultsen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalJournal Of Adolescenceen_US
dc.identifier.volume30en_US
dc.identifier.startpage251en_US
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