Angiosperm Phylogeny: 17 Genes, 640 Taxa

Title:
Angiosperm Phylogeny: 17 Genes, 640 Taxa
Authors:
Soltis, Douglas E.; Smith, Stephen A.; Cellinese, Nico; Wurdack, Kenneth J.; Tank, David C.; Brockington, Samuel F.; Refulio-Rodriguez, Nancy F.; Walker, Jay B.; Moore, Michael J.; Carlsward, Barbara S.; Bell, Charles D.; Latvis, Maribeth; Crawley, Sunny; Black, Chelsea; Diouf, Diaga; Xi, Zhenxiang; Rushworth, Catherine A.; Gitzendanner, Matthew A.; Sytsma, Kenneth J.; Qiu, Yin-Long; Hilu, Khidir W.; Davis, Charles C.; Sanderson, Michael J.; Beaman, Reed S.; Olmstead, Richard G.; Judd, Walter S.; Donoghue, Michael J.; Soltis, Pamela S.
Abstract:
Premise of the study : Recent analyses employing up to five genes have provided numerous insights into angiosperm phylogeny, but many relationships have remained unresolved or poorly supported. In the hope of improving our understanding of angiosperm phylogeny, we expanded sampling of taxa and genes beyond previous analyses. Methods : We conducted two primary analyses based on 640 species representing 330 families. The first included 25 260 aligned base pairs (bp) from 17 genes (representing all three plant genomes, i.e., nucleus, plastid, and mitochondrion). The second included 19 846 aligned bp from 13 genes (representing only the nucleus and plastid). Key results : Many important questions of deep-level relationships in the nonmonocot angiosperms have now been resolved with strong support. Amborellaceae, Nymphaeales, and Austrobaileyales are successive sisters to the remaining angiosperms (Mesangiospermae), which are resolved into Chloranthales + Magnoliidae as sister to Monocotyledoneae + [Ceratophyllaceae + Eudicotyledoneae]. Eudicotyledoneae contains a basal grade subtending Gunneridae. Within Gunneridae, Gunnerales are sister to the remainder (Pentapetalae), which comprises (1) Superrosidae, consisting of Rosidae (including Vitaceae) and Saxifragales; and (2) Superasteridae, comprising Berberidopsidales, Santalales, Caryophyllales, Asteridae, and, based on this study, Dilleniaceae (although other recent analyses disagree with this placement). Within the major subclades of Pentapetalae, most deep-level relationships are resolved with strong support. Conclusions : Our analyses confirm that with large amounts of sequence data, most deep-level relationships within the angiosperms can be resolved. We anticipate that this well-resolved angiosperm tree will be of broad utility for many areas of biology, including physiology, ecology, paleobiology, and genomics.
Citation:
Soltis, Douglas E., Stephen A. Smith, Nico Cellinese, Kenneth J. Wurdack, et al. 2011. "Angiosperm Phylogeny: 17 Genes, 640 Taxa." American Journal Of Botany 98(4): 704-730.
Publisher:
Botanical Society of America
DATE ISSUED:
2011-04
Department:
Biology
Type:
article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.3732/ajb.1000404
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/310093

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSoltis, Douglas E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Stephen A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCellinese, Nicoen_US
dc.contributor.authorWurdack, Kenneth J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTank, David C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBrockington, Samuel F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRefulio-Rodriguez, Nancy F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWalker, Jay B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Michael J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCarlsward, Barbara S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBell, Charles D.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLatvis, Maribethen_US
dc.contributor.authorCrawley, Sunnyen_US
dc.contributor.authorBlack, Chelseaen_US
dc.contributor.authorDiouf, Diagaen_US
dc.contributor.authorXi, Zhenxiangen_US
dc.contributor.authorRushworth, Catherine A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGitzendanner, Matthew A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSytsma, Kenneth J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorQiu, Yin-Longen_US
dc.contributor.authorHilu, Khidir W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDavis, Charles C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSanderson, Michael J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBeaman, Reed S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorOlmstead, Richard G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJudd, Walter S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDonoghue, Michael J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSoltis, Pamela S.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-23T16:25:09Zen
dc.date.available2013-12-23T16:25:09Zen
dc.date.issued2011-04en
dc.identifier.citationSoltis, Douglas E., Stephen A. Smith, Nico Cellinese, Kenneth J. Wurdack, et al. 2011. "Angiosperm Phylogeny: 17 Genes, 640 Taxa." American Journal Of Botany 98(4): 704-730.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0002-9122en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/310093en
dc.description.abstractPremise of the study : Recent analyses employing up to five genes have provided numerous insights into angiosperm phylogeny, but many relationships have remained unresolved or poorly supported. In the hope of improving our understanding of angiosperm phylogeny, we expanded sampling of taxa and genes beyond previous analyses. Methods : We conducted two primary analyses based on 640 species representing 330 families. The first included 25 260 aligned base pairs (bp) from 17 genes (representing all three plant genomes, i.e., nucleus, plastid, and mitochondrion). The second included 19 846 aligned bp from 13 genes (representing only the nucleus and plastid). Key results : Many important questions of deep-level relationships in the nonmonocot angiosperms have now been resolved with strong support. Amborellaceae, Nymphaeales, and Austrobaileyales are successive sisters to the remaining angiosperms (Mesangiospermae), which are resolved into Chloranthales + Magnoliidae as sister to Monocotyledoneae + [Ceratophyllaceae + Eudicotyledoneae]. Eudicotyledoneae contains a basal grade subtending Gunneridae. Within Gunneridae, Gunnerales are sister to the remainder (Pentapetalae), which comprises (1) Superrosidae, consisting of Rosidae (including Vitaceae) and Saxifragales; and (2) Superasteridae, comprising Berberidopsidales, Santalales, Caryophyllales, Asteridae, and, based on this study, Dilleniaceae (although other recent analyses disagree with this placement). Within the major subclades of Pentapetalae, most deep-level relationships are resolved with strong support. Conclusions : Our analyses confirm that with large amounts of sequence data, most deep-level relationships within the angiosperms can be resolved. We anticipate that this well-resolved angiosperm tree will be of broad utility for many areas of biology, including physiology, ecology, paleobiology, and genomics.en_US
dc.publisherBotanical Society of Americaen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3732/ajb.1000404en
dc.subject.departmentBiologyen_US
dc.titleAngiosperm Phylogeny: 17 Genes, 640 Taxaen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalAmerican Journal Of Botanyen_US
dc.subject.keywordAngiospermsen_US
dc.subject.keywordBioinformaticsen_US
dc.subject.keywordLarge data setsen_US
dc.subject.keywordMolecular systematicsen_US
dc.subject.keywordRAxMLen_US
dc.subject.keywordSuperasteridaeen_US
dc.subject.keywordSupermatrixen_US
dc.subject.keywordSuperrosidaeen_US
dc.identifier.volume98en_US
dc.identifier.issue4en_US
dc.identifier.startpage704en_US
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