From Globalized Pig Breeds To Capitalist Pigs: A Study In Animal Cultures And Evolutionary History

Title:
From Globalized Pig Breeds To Capitalist Pigs: A Study In Animal Cultures And Evolutionary History
Authors:
White, Sam
Abstract:
This article examines the history of how Chinese pig breeds came to Europe and later America. While Asian hogs were domesticated for feeding on waste and agricultural by-products, ancient European hogs had to range in forests for mast, producing a leaner, more wild type. As European forests were cleared, mast feeding came under recurring pressure, creating incentives for improved swine management and breeding. In the eighteenth century, as Northern European agriculture intensified, Chinese pigs were imported to create improved varieties first in England and then in America. These new breeds, with their enhanced capacity for rapid weight gain, played a vital role in the pig's transformation from a small-farm subsistence animal into an industrial meat producer. The article analyzes this history of pig breeds as a microcosm of early modern globalization and the emergence of industrial capitalism, as well as a case study of how interdisciplinary evidence and evolutionary perspectives can contribute to the emerging field of animal studies.
Citation:
White, Sam. 2011. "From Globalized Pig Breeds To Capitalist Pigs: A Study In Animal Cultures And Evolutionary History." Environmental History 16(1): 94-120.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DATE ISSUED:
2011-01
Department:
History
Type:
article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1093/envhis/emq143
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/310076

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Samen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-23T16:24:44Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-23T16:24:44Z-
dc.date.issued2011-01en
dc.identifier.citationWhite, Sam. 2011. "From Globalized Pig Breeds To Capitalist Pigs: A Study In Animal Cultures And Evolutionary History." Environmental History 16(1): 94-120.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1084-5453en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/310076-
dc.description.abstractThis article examines the history of how Chinese pig breeds came to Europe and later America. While Asian hogs were domesticated for feeding on waste and agricultural by-products, ancient European hogs had to range in forests for mast, producing a leaner, more wild type. As European forests were cleared, mast feeding came under recurring pressure, creating incentives for improved swine management and breeding. In the eighteenth century, as Northern European agriculture intensified, Chinese pigs were imported to create improved varieties first in England and then in America. These new breeds, with their enhanced capacity for rapid weight gain, played a vital role in the pig's transformation from a small-farm subsistence animal into an industrial meat producer. The article analyzes this history of pig breeds as a microcosm of early modern globalization and the emergence of industrial capitalism, as well as a case study of how interdisciplinary evidence and evolutionary perspectives can contribute to the emerging field of animal studies.en_US
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/envhis/emq143-
dc.subject.departmentHistoryen_US
dc.titleFrom Globalized Pig Breeds To Capitalist Pigs: A Study In Animal Cultures And Evolutionary Historyen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalEnvironmental Historyen_US
dc.identifier.volume16en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.startpage94en_US
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