Treating Matching as a Variable in a Sociological Experiment

Title:
Treating Matching as a Variable in a Sociological Experiment
Authors:
Yinger, J. Milton; Ikeda, Kiyoshi; Laycock, Frank
Abstract:
The matching of experimental and control subjects on critical variables, particularly when used in conjunction with random assignment, is widely recognized as a valuable element in research design. Both in discussions of its usefulness and in applications, matching tends to be treated as an attribute. In fact, however, it is a variable, with a range determined by the number and precision of measurement of the items taken into account in the matching process, and by the size and homogeneity of the pool from which subjects are drawn. Failure to distinguish between well-matched and poorly-matched pairs can lead to significant errors of interpretation. But treating the quality of the match itself as a variable, and introducing it into the interpretation can, it is suggested, contribute to the measurement of the effects of the experimental stimulus. An "index of congruence," designed to measure the quality of matching in an experiment in progress, is described. We propose to use this new method as a complement to established statistical techniques, whose comparative advantages and disadvantages are here briefly discussed.
Citation:
Yinger, J. Milton, Ikeda, Kiyoshi and Frank Laycock. 1967. "Treating Matching as a Variable in a Sociological Experiment." American Sociological Review 32(5): 801-12.
Publisher:
American Sociological Association
DATE ISSUED:
1967-10
Department:
Sociology
Type:
article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.2307/2092027
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/310019

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorYinger, J. Miltonen_US
dc.contributor.authorIkeda, Kiyoshien_US
dc.contributor.authorLaycock, Franken_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-23T16:23:26Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-23T16:23:26Z-
dc.date.issued1967-10en
dc.identifier.citationYinger, J. Milton, Ikeda, Kiyoshi and Frank Laycock. 1967. "Treating Matching as a Variable in a Sociological Experiment." American Sociological Review 32(5): 801-12.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0003-1224en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/310019-
dc.description.abstractThe matching of experimental and control subjects on critical variables, particularly when used in conjunction with random assignment, is widely recognized as a valuable element in research design. Both in discussions of its usefulness and in applications, matching tends to be treated as an attribute. In fact, however, it is a variable, with a range determined by the number and precision of measurement of the items taken into account in the matching process, and by the size and homogeneity of the pool from which subjects are drawn. Failure to distinguish between well-matched and poorly-matched pairs can lead to significant errors of interpretation. But treating the quality of the match itself as a variable, and introducing it into the interpretation can, it is suggested, contribute to the measurement of the effects of the experimental stimulus. An "index of congruence," designed to measure the quality of matching in an experiment in progress, is described. We propose to use this new method as a complement to established statistical techniques, whose comparative advantages and disadvantages are here briefly discussed.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Sociological Associationen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.2307/2092027-
dc.subject.departmentSociologyen_US
dc.titleTreating Matching as a Variable in a Sociological Experimenten_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalAmerican Sociological Reviewen_US
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