Evaluation Criteria for Implementation of a Sustainable Sanitation and Wastewater Treatment System at Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan Province, China

Title:
Evaluation Criteria for Implementation of a Sustainable Sanitation and Wastewater Treatment System at Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan Province, China
Authors:
Gaulke, Linda S.; Weiyang, Xiao; Scanlon, Andrew; Schmidt, Amanda C. Henck; Hinckley, Thomas M.
Abstract:
The administration of Jiuzhaigou National Park in Sichuan Province, China, is in the process of considering a range of upgrades to their sanitation and wastewater treatment systems. Their case history involves an ongoing series of engineering design flaws and management failures. The administration of the Park identified sustainability, environmental protection, and education goals for their sanitation and wastewater treatment system. To meet the goal of sustainability, environmental and economic concerns of the Park’s administration had to be balanced with socio-cultural needs. An advanced reconnaissance method was developed that identified reasons for previous failures, conducted stakeholder analysis and interviews, determined evaluation criteria, and introduced innovative alternatives with records of successful global implementations. This evaluation also helped the Park to better define their goals. To prevent future failures, the administration of the Park must commit to a balanced and thorough evaluation process for selection of a final alternative and institute effective long-term management and monitoring of systems. In addition, to meet goals and achieve energy efficient, cost-effective use of resources, the Park must shift their thinking from one of waste disposal to resource recovery. The method and criteria developed for this case study provides a framework to aid in the successful implementation of sanitation projects in both underdeveloped and developed areas of the world, incorporating socio-cultural values and resource recovery for a complex group of stakeholders.
Citation:
Gaulke, Linda S., Xiao Weiyang, Andrew Scanlon, Amanda Henck, and Tom Hinckley. 2010. "Evaluation Criteria for Implementation of a Sustainable Sanitation and Wastewater Treatment System at Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan Province, China." Environmental Management 45(1): 93-104.
Publisher:
Springer Verlag
DATE ISSUED:
2010-01
Department:
Geology
Type:
article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1007/s00267-009-9398-1
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/309884

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGaulke, Linda S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWeiyang, Xiaoen_US
dc.contributor.authorScanlon, Andrewen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Amanda C. Hencken_US
dc.contributor.authorHinckley, Thomas M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-23T16:20:16Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-23T16:20:16Z-
dc.date.issued2010-01en
dc.identifier.citationGaulke, Linda S., Xiao Weiyang, Andrew Scanlon, Amanda Henck, and Tom Hinckley. 2010. "Evaluation Criteria for Implementation of a Sustainable Sanitation and Wastewater Treatment System at Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan Province, China." Environmental Management 45(1): 93-104.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0364-152Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/309884-
dc.description.abstractThe administration of Jiuzhaigou National Park in Sichuan Province, China, is in the process of considering a range of upgrades to their sanitation and wastewater treatment systems. Their case history involves an ongoing series of engineering design flaws and management failures. The administration of the Park identified sustainability, environmental protection, and education goals for their sanitation and wastewater treatment system. To meet the goal of sustainability, environmental and economic concerns of the Park’s administration had to be balanced with socio-cultural needs. An advanced reconnaissance method was developed that identified reasons for previous failures, conducted stakeholder analysis and interviews, determined evaluation criteria, and introduced innovative alternatives with records of successful global implementations. This evaluation also helped the Park to better define their goals. To prevent future failures, the administration of the Park must commit to a balanced and thorough evaluation process for selection of a final alternative and institute effective long-term management and monitoring of systems. In addition, to meet goals and achieve energy efficient, cost-effective use of resources, the Park must shift their thinking from one of waste disposal to resource recovery. The method and criteria developed for this case study provides a framework to aid in the successful implementation of sanitation projects in both underdeveloped and developed areas of the world, incorporating socio-cultural values and resource recovery for a complex group of stakeholders.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00267-009-9398-1-
dc.subject.departmentGeologyen_US
dc.titleEvaluation Criteria for Implementation of a Sustainable Sanitation and Wastewater Treatment System at Jiuzhaigou National Park, Sichuan Province, Chinaen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalEnvironmental Managementen_US
dc.subject.keywordChinaen_US
dc.subject.keywordEvaluation criteriaen_US
dc.subject.keywordPark managementen_US
dc.subject.keywordResiduals reuseen_US
dc.subject.keywordResource recoveryen_US
dc.subject.keywordSanitationen_US
dc.subject.keywordTourismen_US
dc.subject.keywordWastewater treatmenten_US
dc.identifier.volume45en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.startpage93en_US
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