Social-ecological Resilience of a Nuosu Community-linked Watershed, Southwest Sichuan, China

Title:
Social-ecological Resilience of a Nuosu Community-linked Watershed, Southwest Sichuan, China
Authors:
Urgenson, Lauren S.; Hagmann, R. Keala; Schmidt, Amanda C. Henck; Harrell, Stevan; Hinckley, Thomas M.; Shepler, Sara Jo; Grub, Barbara L.; Chi, Philip M.
Abstract:
Farmers of the Nuosu Yi ethnic group in the Upper Baiwu watershed report reductions in the availability of local forest resources. A team of interdisciplinary scientists worked in partnership with this community to assess the type and extent of social-ecological change in the watershed and to identify key drivers of those changes. Here, we combine a framework for institutional analysis with resilience concepts to assess system dynamics and interactions among resource users, resources, and institutions over the past century. The current state of this system reflects a legacy of past responses to institutional disturbances initiated at the larger, national system scale. Beginning with the Communist Revolution in 1957 and continuing through the next two decades, centralized forest regulations imposed a mismatch between the scale of management and the scale of the ecological processes being managed. A newly implemented forest property rights policy is shifting greater control over the management of forest resources to individuals in rural communities. Collective forest users will be allowed to manage commodity forests for profit through the transfer of long-term leases to private contractors. Villagers are seeking guidance on how to develop sustainable and resilient forest management practices under the new policy, a responsibility returned to them after half a century and with less abundant and fewer natural resources, a larger and aggregated population, and greater influence from external forces. We assess the watershed’s current state in light of the past and identify future opportunities to strengthen local institutions for governance of forest resources.
Citation:
Urgenson, Lauren S., R.Keala Hagmann, Amanda C. Henck, Stevan Harrell, Thomas M. Hinckley, Sara Jo Shepler, Barbara L. Grub, and Philip M. Chi. 2010. "Social-ecological Resilience of a Nuosu Community-linked Watershed, Southwest Sichuan, China." Ecology and Society 15(4): Special section 1-23.
Publisher:
Resilience Alliance
DATE ISSUED:
2010
Department:
Geology
Type:
article
Additional Links:
http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art2/
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/309882

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorUrgenson, Lauren S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHagmann, R. Kealaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Amanda C. Hencken_US
dc.contributor.authorHarrell, Stevanen_US
dc.contributor.authorHinckley, Thomas M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorShepler, Sara Joen_US
dc.contributor.authorGrub, Barbara L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChi, Philip M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-23T16:20:13Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-23T16:20:13Z-
dc.date.issued2010en
dc.identifier.citationUrgenson, Lauren S., R.Keala Hagmann, Amanda C. Henck, Stevan Harrell, Thomas M. Hinckley, Sara Jo Shepler, Barbara L. Grub, and Philip M. Chi. 2010. "Social-ecological Resilience of a Nuosu Community-linked Watershed, Southwest Sichuan, China." Ecology and Society 15(4): Special section 1-23.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1708-3087en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/309882-
dc.description.abstractFarmers of the Nuosu Yi ethnic group in the Upper Baiwu watershed report reductions in the availability of local forest resources. A team of interdisciplinary scientists worked in partnership with this community to assess the type and extent of social-ecological change in the watershed and to identify key drivers of those changes. Here, we combine a framework for institutional analysis with resilience concepts to assess system dynamics and interactions among resource users, resources, and institutions over the past century. The current state of this system reflects a legacy of past responses to institutional disturbances initiated at the larger, national system scale. Beginning with the Communist Revolution in 1957 and continuing through the next two decades, centralized forest regulations imposed a mismatch between the scale of management and the scale of the ecological processes being managed. A newly implemented forest property rights policy is shifting greater control over the management of forest resources to individuals in rural communities. Collective forest users will be allowed to manage commodity forests for profit through the transfer of long-term leases to private contractors. Villagers are seeking guidance on how to develop sustainable and resilient forest management practices under the new policy, a responsibility returned to them after half a century and with less abundant and fewer natural resources, a larger and aggregated population, and greater influence from external forces. We assess the watershed’s current state in light of the past and identify future opportunities to strengthen local institutions for governance of forest resources.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherResilience Allianceen_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art2/en_GB
dc.subject.departmentGeologyen_US
dc.titleSocial-ecological Resilience of a Nuosu Community-linked Watershed, Southwest Sichuan, Chinaen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalEcology and Societyen_US
dc.subject.keywordChinaen_US
dc.subject.keywordForestsen_US
dc.subject.keywordInstitutionsen_US
dc.subject.keywordNuosuen_US
dc.subject.keywordResilianceen_US
dc.subject.keywordSichuan Sheng (China)en_US
dc.subject.keywordYien_US
dc.identifier.volume15en_US
dc.identifier.issue4en_US
dc.identifier.startpage1en_US
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