Peasant labour for urban industry: Temporary contract labour, urban-rural balance and class relations in a Chinese county

Title:
Peasant labour for urban industry: Temporary contract labour, urban-rural balance and class relations in a Chinese county
Authors:
Blecher, Marc J.
Abstract:
Urban-rural relations in China have a dual character: while a higher level of urban-rural economic balance than most other countries has been achieved, a sharp structural cleavage between workers and peasants has been maintained, based mainly on strict household registrations. Peasants are prevented from migrating to towns and gaining employment there, except under specially approved contracts arranged to resolve local shortages of industrial labour. Contract labour has complex and important effects on rural and urban industrial development. It also embodies the duality of urban-rural relations in China: at the same time as it redistributes wage funds from urban to rural areas, it reinforces the class cleavage between workers and peasants (including contract workers). It also opens up a complex web of inequalities and cleavages among those peasants with contract work and those without. Contract workers have been placed in a contradictory class position which has been a flashpoint of political conflict. The relationships of contract labour to urban industrial and rural development, urbanization, urban-rural balance and structural cleavage, class structure and political conflict are examined through a study of Shulu County, an ordinary rural area with agrowing industrial centre in which over half of the industrial labour force is comprised of peasant contract workers.
Citation:
Blecher, Marc J. 1983. "Peasant Labour for Urban Industry: Temporary Contract Labour, Urban-Rural Balance and Class Relations in a Chinese County." World Development 11(8): 731-745.
Publisher:
Elsevier
DATE ISSUED:
1983-08
Department:
East Asian Studies
Type:
article
PUBLISHED VERSION:
10.1016/0305-750X(83)90114-6
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/11282/309772

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBlecher, Marc J.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-23T16:17:32Zen
dc.date.available2013-12-23T16:17:32Zen
dc.date.issued1983-08en
dc.identifier.citationBlecher, Marc J. 1983. "Peasant Labour for Urban Industry: Temporary Contract Labour, Urban-Rural Balance and Class Relations in a Chinese County." World Development 11(8): 731-745.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0305-750Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11282/309772en
dc.description.abstractUrban-rural relations in China have a dual character: while a higher level of urban-rural economic balance than most other countries has been achieved, a sharp structural cleavage between workers and peasants has been maintained, based mainly on strict household registrations. Peasants are prevented from migrating to towns and gaining employment there, except under specially approved contracts arranged to resolve local shortages of industrial labour. Contract labour has complex and important effects on rural and urban industrial development. It also embodies the duality of urban-rural relations in China: at the same time as it redistributes wage funds from urban to rural areas, it reinforces the class cleavage between workers and peasants (including contract workers). It also opens up a complex web of inequalities and cleavages among those peasants with contract work and those without. Contract workers have been placed in a contradictory class position which has been a flashpoint of political conflict. The relationships of contract labour to urban industrial and rural development, urbanization, urban-rural balance and structural cleavage, class structure and political conflict are examined through a study of Shulu County, an ordinary rural area with agrowing industrial centre in which over half of the industrial labour force is comprised of peasant contract workers.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/0305-750X(83)90114-6en_US
dc.subject.departmentEast Asian Studiesen_US
dc.titlePeasant labour for urban industry: Temporary contract labour, urban-rural balance and class relations in a Chinese countyen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalWorld Developmenten_US
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