Glacial Lake Licking: Late-glacial drainage diversion and the formation of Black Hand Gorge, Licking County, Ohio1

Title:
Glacial Lake Licking: Late-glacial drainage diversion and the formation of Black Hand Gorge, Licking County, Ohio1
Authors:
Frolking, Tod A.; Pachell, Matthew A.
Citation:
Tod A Frolking, & Matthew A Pachell. (2006). Glacial lake licking: Late-glacial drainage diversion and the formation of black hand gorge, licking county, Ohio1. The Ohio Journal of Science, 106(3), 103.
Publisher:
The Ohio Journal of Science
DATE ISSUED:
Jun-2006
PERMANENT LINK:
http://hdl.handle.net/2374.DEN/4978; http://hdl.handle.net/2374
Type:
Article
Language:
en_US
Description:
Numerous narrow, steep-walled valleys cut through the uplands of the Glaciated Appalachian Plateaus section of east-central Ohio. In Licking County, eastward-advancing glacial ice blocked the west-flowing paleo drainage east of Newark forming Glacial Lake Licking. Lake waters ultimately overtopped a drainage divide south of Hanover causing the erosion of Black Hand Gorge and reversal of the Licking River drainage. Cutbanks and cores into late-Wisconsinan terraces along the Licking River and its tributaries above the Gorge reveal dense, laminated (± 1.0 mm) to massive, calcareous, gray lacustrine silt disconformably overlain by 1.0-6.0+ m of oxidized fluvial sand and gravel overlain in turn by sandy silt (Chili loam soil). Lacustrine silt has been found from elevations of 228 m (748 ft) above sea level in cores in the Licking River floodplain to 255 m (838 ft) in a small lateral tributary. The 230 m (755 ft) elevation of the modern Gorge channel bed indicates at least 25 m of incision since the lake was impounded. Two radiometric dates (33,440 ± 1060 and 21,660 ± 120 years BP) as well as stratigraphic and pedogenic relationships indicate that Glacial Lake Licking was impounded in the late Wisconsinan and that gorge cutting occurred relatively early during the last glacial maximum. No weathering zone, indicating a significant period of subaerial exposure, has been noted either at the silt/gravel contact or within the fluvial gravel.
ISSN:
00300950
Appears in Collections:
Faculty Publications

Full metadata record

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFrolking, Tod A.en
dc.contributor.authorPachell, Matthew A.en
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-02T14:33:36Zen
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-18T21:05:47Z-
dc.date.available2013-01-02T14:33:36Zen
dc.date.available2013-12-18T21:05:47Z-
dc.date.created2006-06en
dc.date.issued2006-06en
dc.identifier.citationTod A Frolking, & Matthew A Pachell. (2006). Glacial lake licking: Late-glacial drainage diversion and the formation of black hand gorge, licking county, Ohio1. The Ohio Journal of Science, 106(3), 103.en_US
dc.identifier.issn00300950en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2374.DEN/4978en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2374-
dc.descriptionNumerous narrow, steep-walled valleys cut through the uplands of the Glaciated Appalachian Plateaus section of east-central Ohio. In Licking County, eastward-advancing glacial ice blocked the west-flowing paleo drainage east of Newark forming Glacial Lake Licking. Lake waters ultimately overtopped a drainage divide south of Hanover causing the erosion of Black Hand Gorge and reversal of the Licking River drainage. Cutbanks and cores into late-Wisconsinan terraces along the Licking River and its tributaries above the Gorge reveal dense, laminated (± 1.0 mm) to massive, calcareous, gray lacustrine silt disconformably overlain by 1.0-6.0+ m of oxidized fluvial sand and gravel overlain in turn by sandy silt (Chili loam soil). Lacustrine silt has been found from elevations of 228 m (748 ft) above sea level in cores in the Licking River floodplain to 255 m (838 ft) in a small lateral tributary. The 230 m (755 ft) elevation of the modern Gorge channel bed indicates at least 25 m of incision since the lake was impounded. Two radiometric dates (33,440 ± 1060 and 21,660 ± 120 years BP) as well as stratigraphic and pedogenic relationships indicate that Glacial Lake Licking was impounded in the late Wisconsinan and that gorge cutting occurred relatively early during the last glacial maximum. No weathering zone, indicating a significant period of subaerial exposure, has been noted either at the silt/gravel contact or within the fluvial gravel.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThe Ohio Journal of Scienceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofFaculty Publicationsen_US
dc.titleGlacial Lake Licking: Late-glacial drainage diversion and the formation of Black Hand Gorge, Licking County, Ohio1en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.institutionDenison Universityen_US
dc.date.digitized2013-01-02en
dc.contributor.repositoryDenison Resource Commonsen_US
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